Fishing opportunities are science-based catch limits for most fish species. The European Commission is currently working on proposals in this regard for all EU sea basins. The EC recently adopted a proposal for fishing opportunities for 2024. In the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. Earlier, proposals were prepared for the Baltic. For more information, see an earlier article: “Fishing Opportunities in the Baltic Sea for 2024.”
Proposal for fishing opportunities for 2024. in the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea
The proposal adopted by the European Commission promotes the sustainable management of fish stocks in the Mediterranean and Black Seas and implements the political commitments made in the MedFish4Ever and Sofia declarations.
The document describing fishing opportunities outlines the European Commission’s goal of making fishing in the two basins sustainable, in line with the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean’s (GFCM) strategy until 2030. It is a regional organization for the development of the region. Fisheries Management, responsible for the conservation and management of fish stocks in the Mediterranean and Black Seas.
The adopted proposal proposes to use the tools that were introduced in the 2022 and 2023 fishing opportunities. These include fishing effort for trawlers and longliners, as well as catch limits for deep-sea shrimp. These measures were established in the multi-year management plan for bottom stocks in the Western Mediterranean, with the goal of achieving by January 1, 2025. maximum sustainable yield (MSY), i.e. the maximum amount of fish that fishermen can take from the sea without compromising the recovery and future productivity of the stock.
Fishing opportunities for individual fish species
Most of the fishing opportunities will be proposed at a later stage, based on the results of the annual general session of the Mediterranean Fisheries Commission (GFCM), which will be held from November 6-10, 2023. and a scientific opinion on the bottom stocks covered by the multi-year management plan in the western Mediterranean, which is due at the end of October.
The Mediterranean proposal maintains unchanged measures for red coral. Restrictions continue to be phased in for red seabream and deep-sea shrimp, in accordance with the newly agreed 2022 GFCM management plans. The proposal for coriphene and other stocks subject to GFCM interim measures that expire at the end of 2023 will be updated after the commission’s annual meeting.
For the Adriatic, the adopted proposal continues the implementation of the GFCM’s multi-year action plan for demersal and small pelagic stocks. For the first group, it is proposed to continue implementing the effort system in line with the goal of achieving MSY by 2026. For small pelagic stocks, the proposal recommends continuing implementation of the third interim year as part of a multi-year management plan.
In the Black Sea, the proposal includes catch limits and quotas for sprat and turbot. For sprat, the Commission proposes to maintain the catch limit for 2023, while the TAC and quota levels for turbot will be set and adopted at this year’s GFCM meeting.
Fishing opportunities – further stage of work
Proposal presenting fishing opportunities on December 11-12 this year. will be analyzed by the European Council, which will take a final decision to determine the maximum quantities of the most important commercially exploited fish species that can be caught in the Mediterranean and Black Sea basins. The new fishing opportunity regulation should take effect on January 1, 2024.